Overview of localised flexural waves in wedges of power-law profile and comments on their relationship with the acoustic black hole effect
KrylovVictor V.
2019
In the present paper, the relationship between localised flexural waves in wedges of power-law profile and flexural wave reflection from acoustic black holes is examined. The geometrical acoustics theory of localised flexural waves in wedges of power-law profile is briefly discussed. It is noted that, for wedge profiles with power-law exponents equal or larger than two, the velocities of all localised modes take zero values, unless there is a wedge truncation. It is demonstrated that this effect of zero velocities of localised flexural waves in ideal wedges is closely related to the phenomenon of zero reflection of flexural waves from ideally sharp one-dimensional acoustic black holes. A possible influence of localised wedge modes on flexural wave reflection from one-dimensional acoustic black holes having rough edges is discussed. With regard to two-dimensional acoustic black holes, the role of localised flexural waves propagating along wedge edges that are curved in their middle plane is considered. Such waves can propagate along edges of inner holes in two-dimensional acoustic black holes formed by circular indentations in plates of constant thickness. A possible impact of such localised waves on the processes of scattering of flexural waves by edge imperfections of inner holes in two-dimensional acoustic black holes is discussed, including their influence on the efficiency of two-dimensional acoustic black holes as vibration dampers.