Dynamic non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) and orthogonal multiple access (OMA) in 5G wireless networks
BaghaniMina
ParsaeefardSaeedeh
DerakhshaniMahsa
SaadWalid
2019
In this paper, a novel dynamic multiple access
technology selection among orthogonal multiple access (OMA)
and non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) techniques is proposed. For this setup, a joint resource allocation problem is
formulated in which a new set of access technology selection
parameters along with power and subcarrier are allocated for
each user based on each userâ€™s channel state information. Here,
a novel utility function is defined to take into account the
rate and costs of access technologies. This cost reflects both
the complexity of performing successive interference cancellation
and the complexity incurred to guarantee a desired bit error
rate. This utility function can inherently capture the tradeoff
between OMA and NOMA. Due to non-convexity of the proposed
resource allocation problem, a successive convex approximation
is developed in which a two-step iterative algorithm is applied. In
the first step, called access technology selection, the problem is
transformed into a linear integer programming problem, and
then, in the second step, a nonconvex problem, referred to
power allocation problem, is solved via the difference-of-convexfunctions (DC) programming. Moreover, the closed-form solution
for power allocation in the second step is derived. For diverse
network performance criteria such as rate, simulation results
show that the proposed new dynamic access technology selection
outperforms single-technology OMA or NOMA multiple access
solutions.