A dynamic analytics method based on multistage modeling for a BOF steelmaking process

This paper proposes a dynamic analytics method based on the least squares support vector machine with a hybrid kernel to address real-time prediction problems in the converter steelmaking process. The hybrid kernel function is used to enhance the performance of the existing kernels. To improve the model's accuracy, the internal parameters are optimized by a differential evolution algorithm. In light of the complex mechanisms of the converter steelmaking process, a multistage modeling strategy is designed instead of the traditional single-stage modeling method. Owing to the dynamic nature of the practical production process, great effort has been made to construct a dynamic model that uses the prediction error information based on the static model. The validity of the proposed method is verified through experiments on real-world data collected from a basic oxygen furnace steelmaking process. The results indicate that the proposed method can successfully solve dynamic prediction problems and outperforms other state-of-the-art methods in terms of prediction accuracy.