A modified boundary condition of velocity for continuity equation with non-uniform density distribution at outlet boundary plane

Boundary conditions in computational fluid dynamics significantly affect the prediction of flow field. However, the outlet boundary conditions for the continuity equation have been rarely investigated. In addition, the velocities at the outlet boundary might not be accurately predicted with the conventional outlet boundary conditions when a flow that has non-uniform density distribution on the outlet boundary is simulated. In the present study, we modified a boundary condition for the continuity equation in consideration of the non-uniform density distribution on the outlet boundary plane, comparing the numerical results of combustion between the conventional and modified boundary conditions. As a result, the proposed boundary condition can resist the generation of an unrealistic temperature field better than the conventional methods.