A novel, modular validation framework for collision avoidance of automated vehicles at road junctions

This paper presents a new validation method for automated driving systems at road junctions. The method comprises the clustering of critical traffic scenarios at junctions as well as a simulation and evaluation framework to validate those scenarios. The safety performance indicators selected and implemented in the framework can be seen as a new reference for conducting virtual tests at junctions. The applicability of the framework is demonstrated by an experiment based on a selected car-to-car collision scenario. Considering the current progression of automated transport, this work is highly relevant for virtual testing procedures and is an important step towards approval and certification of automated vehicles.