Accident causation and pre-accidental driving situations: Part 1. Overview and general statistics

WP2 of the European Project TRACE is concerned with “Types of Situations” to analyse the causation of road traffic accidents from the pre-accidental driving situation point of view. Four complementary situations were defined: stabilized situations, intersection, specific manoeuvre and degradation scenario. To reach this objective, the analysis is based on a common methodology composed on 3 steps: the “descriptive analysis” which from general statistics will allow to identify among the studied situations those them relevant and to give their characteristics, the “in-depth analysis” allowing to obtain accident causes from the generic description of the problems identified in the previous step and the risk analysis identifying the risk of being involved in an accident taking into account the results obtained from the ‘in–depth’ level. This report is dedicated to the descriptive analysis with the identification of the most relevant scenario regarding the situation in which the driver is involved just prior the accident. The results are based on the literature review, general statistics and the analysis of the national databases available in TRACE via WP8. Because the information level differ from databases to another, the available scenario presented here for the 4 predefined types of situations are generics and some specific situations could not have be distinguished. For each situation some key indicators are given, such as prevalence, severity, KSI (killed x severely injured), etc. When it is possible, these indicators are estimated at the EU27 level.