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Age-related decrements in dual-task performance: Comparison of different mobility and cognitive tasks. A cross sectional study

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posted on 04.08.2017 by Paolo R. Brustio, Daniele Magistro, Massimiliano Zecca, Emanuela Rabaglietti, Monica E. Liubicich
This cross-sectional study investigated the age-related differences in dual-task performance both in mobility and cognitive tasks and the additive dual-task costs in a sample of older, middle-aged and young adults. 74 older adults (M = 72.63±5.57 years), 58 middle-aged adults (M = 46.69±4.68 years) and 63 young adults (M = 25.34±3.00 years) participated in the study. Participants performed different mobility and subtraction tasks under both single and dual-task conditions. Linear regressions, repeated-measures and one-way analyses of covariance were used, The results showed: significant effects of the age on the dual and mobility tasks (p<0.05) and differences among the age-groups in the combined dual-task costs (p<0.05); significant decreases in mobility performance under dual-task conditions in all groups (p<0.05) and a decrease in cognitive performance in the older group (p<0.05). Dual-task activity affected mobility and cognitive performance, especially in older adults who showed a higher dual-task cost, suggesting that dual-tasks activities are affected by the age and consequently also mobility and cognitive tasks are negatively influenced.

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School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

PLoS ONE

Volume

12

Issue

7

Citation

BRUSTIO, P.R. ... et al, 2017. Age-related decrements in dual-task performance: Comparison of different mobility and cognitive tasks. A cross sectional study. PLoS ONE, 12 (7), e0181698.

Publisher

Public Library of Science (PLoS) © Brustio et al.

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VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Acceptance date

04/07/2017

Publication date

2017-07-21

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Public Library of Science (PLoS) under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ISSN

1932-6203

Language

en

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