An investigation of the feasibility of recycling deicing materials at Munich airport
2012-10-15T13:34:59Z (GMT) by
The growing public awareness and sensitiveness towards environmental protection increases significantly the pressure upon the air transport industry to implement regulatory measures for the operation of both airports and aircraft. With regard to the feasibility of recycling deicing materials and the requirement to achieve compatibility between a deicing concept and a fluid recycling concept, many airports are isolated with insufficient guidelines for developing an appropriate decision making process. Regretably at present only informations exists, which deals with the dedicated issues and problems concerning a1rcraft deicmg, airport deicing and the disposal of fluids. Also, differing international and national regulations concerning environmental protection have impeded the development of generic strategies. As Munich International Airport has Implemented a specialized concept of aircraft/airport deicing and fluid recycling with the opening of the airport m 1992, the decision to investigate its operational, environmental and economic performance in this thesis was simple and obvious. However, aircraft/airport deicing is an international issue, which affects many airport and airlines around the world. Consequently, a generic strategy would be of general interest. Although the Munich case is the basis for this thesis,international operational aspects and environmental issues are also discussed with a view to drawing conclusions for the establishment of a generic strategy. The major conclusions concern the need to improve existing environmental legislation and to harmonize these legislative measures in order to achieve a general applicable international standard worldwide. There is no perfect alternative- no one solution to fit every size of airport. Differing international environmental regulations and. standards concerning fluid disposal and environmental impact demand diversified investigations which subsequently may lead to totally different solutions for an individual airport operator. The recommendations and suggested generic strategies contained in this thesis are only to be seen as a guideline for any decision making process an airport operator may suddenly be confronted with.