Attitudes and practises with regard to emptying of onsite systems in Maputo, Mozambique

Rapid urbanisation as well as the rising need for water from industries and agriculture is intensifying freshwater scarcity in delta cities such as Maputo, Mozambique. Environmental pollution caused through the disposal of untreated wastewater and faecal sludge is additionally increasing water competition, posing a serious hazard to public health. Safe water reuse could hereby significantly lower the pressure on freshwater resources, still cities in developing countries lack knowledge, tools and capacities to integrate reuse into the overall (waste)water and faecal sludge management. With a city-wide onsite coverage of 90% it is essential to understand prevailing attitudes and practises along the faecal sludge management chain in order to quantify the end-use potential. This issue has been addressed through a survey of around 1,200 households in Maputo conducted by a cooperation of the Technical University of Delft and the Water and Sanitation Programme of the World Bank.