Bifurcation behavior of airfoil undergoing stall flutter oscillations in low-speed wind tunnel
2011-09-07T11:52:21Z (GMT) by
Stall flutter is a nonlinear aeroelastic phenomenon that can affect several types of aeroelastic systems such as helicopter rotor blades, wind turbine blades, and highly flexible wings. Although the related aerodynamic phenomenon of dynamic stall has been the subject of many experimental studies, stall flutter itself has rarely been investigated. This paper presents a set of experiments conducted on a NACA0012 airfoil undergoing stall flutter oscillations in a low-speed wind tunnel. The aeroelastic responses are analyzed with the objective of characterizing the local bifurcation behavior of the system. It is shown that symmetric stall flutter oscillations are encountered as a result of a subcritical Hopf bifurcation, followed by a fold bifurcation. The cause of these bifurcations is the occurrence of dynamic stall, which allows the transfer of energy from the freestream to the wing. A second bifurcation occurs at the system’s static divergence airspeed. As a consequence, the wing starts to undergo asymmetric stall flutter bifurcations at only positive (or only negative) pitch angles. The dynamic stall mechanism itself does not change but the flow only separates on one side of the wing.