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Biomechanical measurements of human impacts in basketball

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conference contribution
posted on 13.10.2014 by Ben Halkon, Sean Mitchell, Tom Payne, Jorge Carbo
Despite significant advances in materials and manufacturing techniques applied to sports protective equipment in recent years, sports injuries due to impact, contusions in particular, continue to occur. In this paper, a test methodology aimed at collecting data from laboratory-simulated human-on-human impacts in Basketball is presented. The study was executed in three stages with data being collected from: i) human on instrumented bag; ii) impactor on instrumented bag and iii) impactor on instrumented human impacts. In all cases, high-speed video and/or kinematic motion data capture systems were used to obtain parameters such as inbound/outbound velocities, contact durations while resistive ink technology pressure sensing films were used to estimate parameters such as pressure distributions, peak pressures, contact areas, impact forces. Elite-level athletes were used in all human trials to ensure that impact techniques and levels representative of the elite game were obtained and that tolerance to impacts was similarly representative. Two common strikes were simulated: knee on thigh and elbow on rib/torso. Five participants were used to collect the human-on-bag data while 12 participants were used to collect the impactor-on-human data. Between three and five impacts per scenario were performed to enable noise averaging and, importantly, likely injurycausing outlier capture. © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Funding

The authors would like to acknowledge the support of Nike, Inc..

History

School

  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Procedia Engineering

Volume

72

Pages

214 - 219

Citation

HALKON, B.J. ... et al, 2014. Biomechanical measurements of human impacts in basketball. Procedia Engineering, 72, pp. 214 - 219

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-No-Derivative 3.0 Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0).

ISSN

1877-7058

Language

en

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