Cement nanotubes: on chemical gardens and cement

© 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York“Do cement nanotubes exist?” is a question that has recently been asked. The answer is yes, they do exist. The evidence is in the literature, in tens of papers showing in detail chemical garden-type tubes in cement from the nanoscale upwards that were published in the 1970s and 1980s. Here, we present a nano-review of the literature.