Cold sintered CaTiO3-K2MoO4 microwave dielectric ceramics for integrated microstrip patch antennas

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd CaTiO3-K2MoO4 (CTO-KMO) dielectric composites were successfully cold-sintered at 150 °C for 30 min with a uniaxial pressure of 200 MPa. X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, back-scattered SEM and energy dispersive x-ray mapping confirmed the coexistence of CTO and KMO with no evidence of interdiffusion and parasitic phases either between the two ceramic end-members or with Ag internal electrodes. As KMO concentration increased, the temperature coefficient of resonant frequency (TCF) and relative pemittivity (εr) decreased but the microwave quality factor (Q × f) increased. A near-zero TCF composition was obtained for CTO-0.92KMO composites which exhibited εr ∼ 8.5 and Q × f ∼ 11,000 GHz. A microstrip patch antenna was designed and fabricated using cold sintered CTO-0.92KMO as a substrate (40×40×1.4 mm), which gave a s11 of −14.2 dB and a radiation efficiency of 62.0 % at 2.51 GHz.