Computational study of aero-acoustic sources in perforate silencers

2012-03-26T13:30:50Z (GMT) by C.D. Pokora Gary Page
Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes and Large Eddy Simulations of two perforate plates at a overall pressure ratio of 1.45 have been performed to allow analysis of the sensitivity of acoustic noise sources to porosity. Two geometries are presented: A 23% porosity and a 40% porosity 1mm plate with 2mm diameter holes. Results presented in this paper show the initial jetlet and fully merged jet flow-field to be sensitive to the porosity and the presence of partial holes around the circumference of the plate. The increase in porosity reduces the available entrainment flow, and increases the local jetlet interaction and resultant turbulence levels. This interaction fundamentally changes the flow structure from coherent vortex rings (found at low porosity) to a helical structure. The 2nd and 4th order spatio- temporal correlation Rij and Rij,kl are presented as suggested validation data for acoustic source modeling together with far-field noise spectra obtained via a Ffowcs-Williams & Hawkings surface integral method.