Condition monitoring of wind turbine drive trains by normal behaviour modelling of temperatures

2017-03-02T17:27:32Z (GMT) by Jannis Weinert Simon Watson
Condition monitoring and early failure detection are needed to reduce operational costs of wind turbines, particularly for offshore farms where accessibility is restricted. Failure detection technologies should be simple and reliable in order to contribute to the overall aim of cost reduction. Operational data from the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system are a potential source of information for condition monitoring and have the advantage of being recorded at each turbine without the costs of additional sensors. Detection of drivetrain failures using these ten-minute data has been successfully demonstrated in the last five years. This paper summarises and evaluates different ways of so-called normal behaviour modelling of temperature using SCADA data, i.e. the prediction of a measured temperature under the assumption that the system is behaving normally. After training, the residual of modelled and measured temperature acts as an indicator for possible wear and failures. Multiple approaches are discussed: linear modelling, artificial neural networks in auto-regressive, feedforward and layer recurrent configurations, adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems and state estimation techniques. A case study with real data reveals differences of approaches, sensitivity to training data and settings of algorithms. Early failure detection of a gearbox failure is demonstrated, although challenges in achieving reliable monitoring without many false alarms become apparent.