Contemporary UK wage floors and the calculation of a living wage

2017-08-11T08:50:51Z (GMT) by Donald Hirsch
Purpose – This article describes how the voluntary Living Wage in the UK is set. It examines how this calculation relates to contemporary approaches to setting wage floors, both in relation to their goal of supporting adequate living standards and in relation to the place of wage floors in the labour market. Approach – The article examines how compulsory and voluntary wage floors are being determined, in the UK and in particular the role of public consensus in contributing to the calculation and adoption of a living wage. It then reflects on the future sustainability of a system of wage floors in which the concept of the living wage plays a significant role. Findings – The central finding is that widespread support for wages delivering socially acceptable minimum living standards has transformed the context in which low pay is being addressed in the United Kingdom. The living wage idea has stimulated more decisive efforts to do so; however, if a compulsory version of a living wage were to reach a level shown to be harming jobs, this could seriously undermine such efforts. Moreover, the extent to which adequate wages are compatible with high employment levels can also be influenced by state support for households, especially tax credits and Universal Credit. Originality/value – The article clarifies how the setting of the UK Living Wage contributes to objectives related both to living standards and to labour markets, and critically addresses some key issues raised.