Convergence behaviours of an adaptive step-size constant modulus algorithm for DS-CDMA receivers

A convergence analysis of the blind adaptive step-size constant modulus algorithm (AS-CMA) for direct-sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) receivers is presented. Analytical results show similar convergence behaviours of the AS-CMA receiver and the adaptive step-size stochastic approximation (ASSA) receiver. Simulations show that the blind AS-CMA algorithm performs comparably with the non-blind AS-SA in a Markovian type of nonstationary environment. The robustness of the proposed algorithm to different settings of the initial step-size is also shown.