Cylindrical electromagnetic bandgap structures for directive base station antennas

This work presents a new method to realize directive base station antennas by incorporating cylindrical electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structures. The EBG structure behaves as a partially reflecting surface (PRS) and significantly enhances the E-plane directivity of a simple radiating dipole positioned in front of a metallic cylinder. A novel cylindrical antenna that operates at 2.4 GHz is simulated and presented.