Dynamic modelling of a large scale retrofit programme for the housing stock in the North East of England

Housing stock models have long been employed to estimate the baseline energy demand of the existing housing stock, as well as to predict the effectiveness of applying different retrofit measures and renewable technologies on reducing the energy demand and corresponding CO2 emissions. This research aims to develop a dynamic housing stock model to simulate the hourby-hour energy demands of 1.2 million dwellings in the North East (NE) of England using the 2008-9 English Housing Survey (EHS) data. The model is validated by comparison to a steady-state energy model. Using the model, new results predicting the impact of a large scale retrofit programme for the NE housing stock are generated.