Economics of fire: exploring fire incident data for a design tool methodology
2013-09-25T11:01:58Z (GMT) by
Fires within the built environment are a fact of life and through design and the application of the building regulations and design codes, the risk of ﬁre to the building occupants can be minimised. However, the building regulations within the UK do not deal with property protection and focus solely on the safety of the building occupants. This research details the statistical analysis of the UK Fire and Rescue Service and the Fire Protection Association s ﬁre incident databases to create a loss model framework, allowing the designers of a buildings ﬁre safety systems to conduct a cost beneﬁt analysis on installing additional ﬁre protection solely for property protection. It ﬁnds that statistical analysis of the FDR 1 incident database highlights the data collection methods of the Fire and Rescue Service ideally need to be changed to allow further risk analysis on the UK building stock, that the statistics highlight that the incidents affecting the size of a ﬁre are the time from ignition to discovery and the presence of dangerous materials, that sprinkler activations may not be as high as made out by sprinkler groups and that the activation of an alarm system gives a smaller size ﬁre. The original contribution to knowledge that this PhD makes is to analyse the FDR 1 database to try and create a loss model, using data from both the Fire Protection Association and the Fire and Rescue Service.