Effect of combinations of passive and active warming on muscle temperature and sprint performance

Muscle temperature (Tm) has a significant effect on muscle function, force and power production [1], hence the adoption of warm up procedures before power based events. In the majority of sprint or power based events there are periods of maximal activity interspersed with periods of low or no activity, during which Tm may decline, adversely affecting subsequent performance. We have previously shown that Tm will decline during 30 minutes of inactivity following the completion of a warm up, and that the use of passive external heating between warm up completion and sprint cycling performance reduces Tm decline and improves peak power output [2]. The aim of the present study was to follow on from our first Tm study and determine whether, apart from using the electrical heating between warm up and event, there is an additional benefit of using the electrical heating during warm up completion on muscle temperature and subsequent measures of sprint cycling performance. The secondary goal was to look at the efficacy of a redesigned heating system covering a larger area of muscle than in [2].