Effect of strontium inclusion on the bioactivity of phosphate-based glasses

2017-05-11T12:37:22Z (GMT) by Jamieson K. Christie Nora H. de Leeuw
We have conducted first-principles and classical molecular dynamics simulations of various compositions of strontium-containing phosphate glasses, to understand how strontium incorporation will change the glasses’ activity when implanted into the body (bioactivity). To perform the classical simulations, we have developed a new interatomic potential, which takes account of the polarizability of the oxygen ions. The Sr-O bond length is ∼ 2.44 − 2.49Å, and the coordination number is 7.5 – 7.8. The Qn distribution and network connectivity were roughly constant for these compositions. Sr bonds to a similar number of phosphate chains as Ca does; based on our previous work [J. K. Christie et al., J. Phys. Chem. B 117, 10652 (2013)], this implies that SrO ↔ CaO substitution will barely change the dissolution rate of these glasses, and that the bioactivity will remain essentially constant. Strontium could therefore be incorporated into phosphate glass for biomedical applications.