End-use demand in commercial office buildings: case-study and modelling recommendations

While considerable progress has been made on developing high-resolution stochastic models of electricity demand for the domestic sector, non-domestic models remain relatively undeveloped. This paper provides general recommendations about how such models might be structured for commercial offices, based on detailed analysis of high-resolution end-use demand data for a single multi-tenanted office building. The results indicate that modelling of commercial office buildings could be viewed as analogous to modelling a group of dwellings with partial residency (to represent individual office units within the building), with communal heating and communal spaces, a limited number of work related appliances, and occupant activities restricted to those related to work.