Experimental investigation of the effect of high pressure nozzle geometry on spray characteristics

Phase Doppler Anemometry (PDA) measurements [1] are applied to low length to diameter ratio (L/D) multi-hole nozzles operating with at high fuel pressure (20 MPa) that are implemented in the new Euro6 generation of Gasoline Direct Injection engines. For these multi-jets spray, the authors intend to demonstrate; the importance of the spray shape, the effect of hole design and the reorganisation dynamic of the drop size distribution by turbulent mixing. To do so, we report significant experimental effort along with careful data reduction, exercised to understand the spray behaviour, in particular separating the sources of experimental uncertainty from the flow physics. A practical methodology is adopted as a compromise between measurement effort, error removal, and the need to understand underlying physical processes within the spray plume. The present work focuses mostly on the drop size and velocity profiles (two-component) perpendicular to the plume direction.