Feasibility of imaging photoplethysmography

Contact and spot measurement have limited the application of photoplethysmography (PPG), thus an imaging PPG system comprising a digital CMOS camera and three wavelength light-emitting diodes (LEDs) is developed to detect the blood perfusion in tissue. With the means of the imaging PPG system, the ideally contactless monitoring with larger field of view and the different depth of tissue by applying multi- wavelength illumination can be achieved to understand the blood perfusion change. Corresponding to the individual wavelength LED illumination, the PPG signals can be derived in the both transmission and reflection modes, respectively. The outcome explicitly reveals the imaging PPG is able to detect blood perfusion in a illuminated tissue and indicates the vascular distribution and the blood cell response to individual wavelength LED. The functionality investigation leads to the engineering model for 3-D visualized blood perfusion of tissue and the development of imaging PPG tomography.