Finite element analysis of forces of plane cutting of cortical bone

Bone cutting is an essential part of orthopaedic surgery when bone is fractured or damaged by a disease and is used for pins insertion and plates fixation. A finite element model of bone cutting is developed and compared with experimental results. The model allows the interaction between the bone and cutting tool to be studied, hence enabling the evaluation and optimization of the cutting procedure. Results of finite element simulations are obtained for the cutting force as a function of cutting parameters. A strong dependence of cutting parameters on the cutting force was found and described in this paper.