Formation of diffusion zones in coated Ni-Al-X ternary alloys and Ni-based superalloys

2014-03-12T15:06:12Z (GMT) by A.S. Suzuki Geoff West Rachel Thomson
Coatings are an essential part of the materials system to protect the turbine blades from oxidation and corrosive attack during service. Inter-diffusion of alloying elements between a turbine blade substrate and their coatings is a potential concern for coated turbine blades at ever increasing operating temperatures because this can cause the formation of undesirable Secondary Reaction Zones (SRZs), which may degrade the mechanical properties of coated Ni-based superalloys. Understanding the effects of each element on the SRZ formation is essential in order to understand both the mechanism and inter-diffusion behaviour between coatings and substrates. In this research, a number of simpler aluminized ternary Ni-Al-X (where X is Co, Cr, Re, Ru or Ta) alloys were investigated in order to elucidate the separate effects of each element on the microstructural evolution, especially at the coating/substrate interface. The aluminized ternary alloys developed distinctive diffusion zones, depending on the third alloy element, ‘X’. Specifically, it has been found that both Ni-Al-Re and Ni-Al-Ta alloys developed a continuous SRZ-like diffusion layer. This diffusion zone persisted in the Ni-Al-Re alloys after high temperature exposure, indicating that Re has a stronger effect on SRZ formation than Ta.