Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature
journal contributionposted on 06.04.2016 by Derek Glidden, Walter P. Bouman, Beth Jones, Jon Arcelus
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Aim The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. Methods A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. Main Outcome Measures Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search. Nineteen of these publications met the inclusion criteria. Results The literature investigating ASD in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria showed a higher prevalence rate of ASD compared with the general population. There is a limited amount of research in adults. Only one study showed that adults attending services for gender dysphoria had increased ASD scores. Another study showed a larger proportion of adults with atypical gender identity and ASD. Conclusion Although the research is limited, especially for adults, there is an increasing amount of evidence that suggests a co-occurrence between gender dysphoria and ASD. Further research is vital for educational and clinical purposes.
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