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Generation and characterisation of cold atmospheric liquid-containing plasmas

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posted on 17.01.2011, 12:16 by Jingjing Liu
This thesis presents an experimental study of non-thermal atmospheric pressure gas plasmas in presence of liquid as an efficient source of transient and reactive species to initiate chemical reactions necessary for many important applications. Two types of liquid-containing plasmas are considered: discharges formed between a needle electrode and a liquid electrode, and plasma jets formed in a water vapour flow mixed in helium or argon gas. Two plasma modes (the pulsed and the continuous mode) are observed in the needle-to-liquid plasma. A comparative study of the needle-to-liquid plasma in the continuous mode with DC and AC excitations reveals that the plasmas are glow discharges, and AC excited plasmas have the highest energy efficiency. A study of helium/water vapour plasma jet shows that “plasma bullets” are formed even with water vapour in the gas mixture, but become quenched when the moist helium flow rate is above 300sccm (~1800ppm water concentration). Moderate amount of water vapour (~250ppm water concentration) is beneficial for active species production mainly due to the high electron density. Hydrogen peroxide production in saline solution with three different plasma sources is investigated due to the importance of H2O2 in several important applications. Long lifetime of H2O2 in the liquid after plasma treatment indicates an exciting possibility of plasma pharmacy.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


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A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.

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