Greener and sustainable method for alkene epoxidations by polymer-supported Mo(VI) catalysts

A polybenzimidazole supported Mo(VI) (PBI.Mo) catalyst has been prepared and characterised. The catalytic activities of the PBI.Mo catalyst in epoxidation of alkenes with tertbutyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as oxidant have been studied under different reaction conditions in a batch reactor. As alkene representatives we have chosen cyclohexene, limonene, α-pinene and 1-octene as less reactive terminal alkenes. The stability of each polymer catalyst was assessed by recycling a sample in batch reaction using conditions that will form the basis of the continuous process. The loss of Mo from each support has been investigated by isolating any residue from the reaction supernatant solutions, following removal of the heterogeneous polymer catalyst, and then using the residues as potential catalysts in epoxidation reactions.