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HADRIAN: a human modelling CAD tool to promote "design for all"

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conference contribution
posted on 29.06.2015 by J. Mark Porter, Russell Marshall, Ruth Sims, Diane Gyi, Keith Case
The arguments for a Design for All or Inclusive Design approach to product, environment or service design are clear and well understood. In order to address the underlying issues it is vitally important that designers are educated, informed and supported in the principles of Design for All, with appropriate and applicable data, and with the tools and techniques to employ this data in their design activity. This paper introduces our approach to supporting the designer in a Design for All philosophy. The main focus of this approach is our computer aided design and analysis tool HADRIAN. HADRIAN provides our sample database of 100 individuals across a broad spectrum of ages and abilities together with a task analysis tool. Working in combination with the existing human modelling system SAMMIE the system allows the designer to assess their designs against the population in the database to determine the percentage who are effectively ‘designed out’. The system has been developed to build empathy with the target population. In addition, the system provides a relatively simple, yet powerful, method of obtaining a form of user feedback and insight normally only attainable through expensive prototypes mock-ups and user trials. This feedback is also provided at a much earlier stage of the design process. HADRIAN is the result of a three year EPSRC funded project that was part of the EQUAL initiative. This project concluded in October 2002 but the development of HADRIAN is ongoing.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

inclusive design for society and business, INCLUDE 2003 Proceedings of Inclusive Design for Society and Business, INCLUDE 2003




222 - 228


PORTER, J.M. ... et al, 2003. HADRIAN: a human modelling CAD tool to promote "design for all". Proceedings of Inclusive Design for Society and Business, INCLUDE 2003, Royal College of Art, London, UK, 23rd-26th March 2003, vol. 6, pp.222-228


The Helen Hamlyn Research Centre, Royal College of Art


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

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This is a conference paper.






Royal College of Art, London, UK


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