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Hydromorphological and ecological impacts of water injection dredging in the River Parrett, Somerset Levels, Somerset, UK [Poster]

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posted on 15.02.2019 by Andrew Pledger, Paul Wood, Matthew F. Johnson, Ethan Silvester, David Ryves, Dapeng Yu
The Somerset Levels (‘The Levels’ hereafter) are a low-lying and flood-prone agricultural landscape in South West England, UK. The Levels drainage network is heavily managed for navigation and flood relief purposes and there is a legacy of dredging, to help mitigate flood risk. Despite widespread application of the technique internationally, knowledge of the short to medium-term effects of dredging in the wider ecosystem remains limited. Furthermore, the potential impacts of new dredging technologies, including water injection dredging, have rarely been considered or quantified, nor have the effects of these operations on instream biota. A programme of work therefore investigated the hydromorphological (bathymetry, bed material grain size, water physicochemistry) and ecological (macroinvertebrate, diatom, fish) effects of water injection dredging temporally and spatially within the River Parrett, Somerset. Hydromorphological and ecological sampling occurred at a control site (upstream of the injection site), within the managed area (injected) and downstream of the dredge site on multiple occasions before and after dredging. Additionally, during dredging, the sediment plume was surveyed via pelagic trawling and captured fish were inspected for mortality or signs of stress or ill health. Approximately 33,900 cubic metres of sediment were mobilised from the injection site, with management activities coinciding with a 39% increase in channel roughness. With regard fish, all 236 individuals captured during the dredging operation were alive, showed no obvious signs of dredging-induced stress and were returned unharmed post-processing. There was a significant decrease in fish abundance following operations at the injection site, with mean values declining from 15 to 3, possibly due to fish avoidance of the injection site. No other parameters or biotic indices were significantly affected at the dredge site. Studies such as these that utilise robust experimental designs and consider a range of aquatic organisms are integral for understanding the factors that contribute to successful restoration and flood risk management and form an important bridge between academic research to underpin practice.

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

AGU fall meeting 2018

Citation

PLEDGER, A.G. ... et al, 2018. Hydromorphological and ecological impacts of water injection dredging in the River Parrett, Somerset Levels, Somerset, UK. Presented at the AGU Fall Meeting 2018, Washington, D.C., U.S., 10-14 December 2018.

Publisher

Loughborough University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2018

Notes

This is a conference poster.

Language

en

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