Implementing community led total sanitation in Turkana County

Practical Action has been employing participatory approaches like Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Turkana to encourage communities to take initiative in addressing sanitation issues. CLTS is a process where communities are mobilized to completely eliminate open defecation (OD); mobilization focuses on helping communities understand the health risks of OD and use disgust and shame as “triggers” to promote action, which ultimately lead to the construction and use of locally-built low-cost household latrines. Sustainable WASH in fragile contexts (SWIFT) project implemented by Practical Action in Turkana County aimed at improving access to water, sanitation and hygiene practices among target communities. The sanitation component of the project was delivered using CLTS method; challenges experienced in the process enabled learning on modification of the approach and will inform design and execution of future programming in Turkana County and other semi-arid areas.