Improved analytical prediction of chip formation in orthogonal cutting of titanium alloy Ti6Al4V

The aim of this paper is to propose an analytical model of chip formation for precise prediction of orthogonal cutting of Ti6Al4V. This alloy is used broadly in aerospace components; hence, prediction of thermomechanical parameters of its orthogonal cutting is crucial for various industrial applications. The suggested analytical model needs only cutting parameters and tool geometry as input; it can predict not only cutting forces but also main features of a primary shear zone and a tool-chip interface. A non-equidistant shear zone model is employed to calculate shear strains and a shear strain rate in the primary shear zone, and a simplified heat-transfer equation is used for temperature. A Calamaz-modified Johnson-Cook material model that accounting for flow softening at high strains and temperature-dependent flow softening is applied to assess shear stresses in the primary shear zone. In addition, a shear-angle solution is modified for Ti6Al4V. At the tool-chip interface, a contact length, equivalent strain and an average temperature rise are defined. Besides, the effect of sliding and apparent friction coefficients is investigated. For a sawtooth chip produced in the cutting process of Ti6Al4V, the segmented-chip formation is analysed. A chip-segmentation frequency and other parameters of the sawtooth chip are also obtained. The predicted results are compared with experimental data with the cutting forces, tool-chip contact length, shear angle and chip-segmentation frequency calculated with the developed analytical model showing a good agreement with the experiments. Thus, this analytical model can elucidate the mechanism of the orthogonal cutting process of Ti6Al4V including predictive capability of continuous and segmented chip formation.