Improving sanitation in the Niger Delta

2018-02-12T15:11:13Z (GMT) by Nancy Gilbert Leslie King
Little WASH progress has been made in the Niger Delta. Using the exploratory case study method, including quantitative and qualitative data collection, the authors examined current sanitation practices, efforts made to improve sanitation, the extent to which those efforts have succeeded and what else is needed to improve sanitation sustainably. The results show the immediate need for development of lowcost, durable, and appropriate sanitation technology options, as none currently exist that address consumer needs, high water table and rainfall, shortage of land, and access issues, followed by supply chain development. The only formal behaviour change framework tried in the region is CLTS with limited results, possibly due to the proximity to water. Other frameworks such as the RANAS model (with adaptations of the questionnaires), IBM-WASH and Nudge Theory should be tested. Other recommendations include improved government services, access to capacity building and education about technology options, and opportunities to encourage knowledge-into-practice.