Interdisciplinary geographies of science

More than two decades into the “geographical” turn within science studies (Shapin, 1998, pp. 5–6), geographies of science are a vibrant interdisciplinary field of research. Based on exciting work by geographers, historians, sociologists, and anthropologists of science, the ideas that science has a geography and that scientific knowledge bears the marks of particular locations have themselves become accepted facts, at least within this community of scholars. Indeed, it can be argued that the meaning of scientific knowledge “takes shape in response to spatial forces at every scale of analysis—from the macropolitical geography of national regions to the microsocial geography of local cultures” (Livingstone, 2003, p. 4)....

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