Investigation into different types of single-phase AC/DC convertors
2010-11-10T15:22:44Z (GMT) by
The work detailed in the thesis compares the performance of single-phase thyristor bridge converters under different control strategies; considering in particular the efficiency, ac side power factor and harmonic content of the current and voltage waveforms. Extensive practical investigations were performed, in which, analogue and digital control circuits were developed to provide the drive signals necessary for a converter to operate in the different control modes for: a) A series -connected fully-controlled double thyristor bridge (used mainly in traction applications) operating under sequence control and; b) A fully controlled single-bridge operating under sequence and conventional control. A novel pulse-width modulation control strategy was developed for the single-bridge converter, using gate turn-off thyristors as the switching elements, whereby output voltage control is obtained by variation of the modulation index. Turn-on and turn-off signals for the power devices were obtained using an analogue control circuit. The advantages and disadvantages of this switching strategy compared with conventional and sequence control were studied, and results clearly showed that an improved input power factor and lower supply current and load voltage harmonics were all obtained. Mathematical models for single and double bridge converters operating under sequence and conventional control were developed using tensor techniques. Using these models, computer programmes were written in Fortran 77 on the University mainframe computer, to assemble automatically and solve the network equations as the converter topology changes. In addition, analytical models were also developed on the assumption that the load current is completely smooth. However, such an assumption is not justifiable with ac-to-dc converters and consequently a novel technique was developed to include the load current ripple in calculating the supply current harmonics. The results obtained are compared with both the computed and experimental ones.