Isospectral orbifold lens spaces

2017-02-02T14:47:37Z (GMT) by Naveed Shams-Ul-Bari
Spectral theory is the study of Mark Kac's famous question [K], "can one hear the shape of a drum?" That is, can we determine the geometrical or topological properties of a manifold by using its Laplace Spectrum? In recent years, the problem has been extended to include the study of Riemannian orbifolds within the same context. In this thesis, on the one hand, we answer Kac's question in the negative for orbifolds that are spherical space forms of dimension higher than eight. On the other hand, for the three-dimensional and four-dimensional cases, we answer Kac's question in the affirmative for orbifold lens spaces, which are spherical space forms with cyclic fundamental groups. We also show that the isotropy types and the topology of the singularities of Riemannian orbifolds are not determined by the Laplace spectrum. This is done in a joint work with E. Stanhope and D. Webb by using P. Berard's generalization of T. Sunada's theorem to obtain isospectral orbifolds. Finally, we construct a technique to get examples of orbifold lens spaces that are not isospectral, but have the same asymptotic expansion of the heat kernel. There are several examples of such pairs in the manifold setting, but to the author's knowledge, the examples developed in this thesis are among the first such examples in the orbifold setting.