Joint user association and resource allocation in virtualized wireless networks

this paper, we consider the down-link dynamic resource allocation in multi-cell virtualized wireless networks (VWNs) to support the users of different service providers (slices) within a specific region by a set of base stations (BSs) through orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA). In particular, we develop a joint BS assignment, sub-carrier, and power allocation algorithm to maximize the network sum rate, while satisfying the minimum required rate of each slice. Under the assumption that each user at each transmission instance can connect to no more than one BS, we introduce the user-association factor to represent the joint sub-carrier and BS assignment as the optimization variable vector in the problem formulation. Sub-carrier reuse is allowed in different cells, but not within one cell. As the proposed optimization problem is inherently non-convex and NP-hard, by applying the successive convex approximation (SCA) and complementary geometric programming (CGP), we develop an efficient two-step iterative approach with low computational complexity to solve the proposed problem. For a given problem, Step 1 derives the optimum user-association and subsequently, and for an obtained user-association, Step 2 finds the optimum power allocation. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed iterative algorithm outperforms the traditional approach in which each user is assigned to the BS with the largest average value of signal strength, and then, joint sub-carrier and power allocation is obtained for the assigned users of each cell. Simulation results reveal a coverage improvement, offered by the proposed approach, of 57% and 71% for uniform and non-uniform users distribution, respectively, leading to higher spectrum efficiency for VWN.