Measurement and analysis of grip force during a golf shot

In this study, grip force was measured during a standard golf tee shot using two different measurement techniques. The first utilized a matrix-type thin-film sensor applied to a golf grip, from which total grip force could be readily determined. The second method involved 31 individual thin-film force sensors strategically placed on two golf gloves, allowing the force output of specific regions of the hands to be measured. Twenty golfers of varying ability participated in each test. The discovery of a unique grip force ‘signature’ for each golfer emerged from these data. That is, each golfer had a very repeatable total grip force trace, but these traces varied considerably between golfers. High-speed video was also recorded for many of the golfers tested so that key phases in the swing could be identified on the force traces.