Optimisation of AWD off-road vehicle performance using visco-lock devices

A comprehensive computer model is devised for the simulation of AWD off-road vehicle dynamics. Particular attention has been paid to the modelling of various visco-lock devices, including the viscous couplings and visco-lock limited-slip differentials. These devices are represented by fully parameterised physical models which capture the torque transmission mechanism represented by various thermodynamic, hydrodynamic, structural and mechanical modules. The characteristics of these devices can easily be altered so that comparisons can be made between different types. In addition, the influence of a wide range operating conditions, vehicle design parameters and tyre characteristics can also be made over various deformable soils.