PENDANT: a European crash injury database
online resourceposted on 01.02.2007 by James Lenard, Andrew Morris, Ernst Tomasch, Joachim Nehmzow, Dietmar Otte, Lindsay Cant, Mouloud Maddak, Gilles Vallet, Henrik Ebbinger, Jo Barnes, Ydo de Vries, Boudewijn Van Kampen, Javier Paez, Ruth Welsh
Any type of resource available online.
Annually within the European Union, there are over 50,000 road accident fatalities and 2 million other casualties, of which the majority are either the occupants of cars or other road users in collision with a car. The European Commission now has competency for vehicle-based injury countermeasures through the Whole Vehicle Type Approval system. As a result, the Commission has recognised that casualty reduction strategies must be based on a full understanding of the realworld need under European conditions and that the effectiveness of vehicle countermeasures must be properly evaluated. The PENDANT study commenced in January 2003 in order to explore the possibility of developing a co-ordinated set of targeted, in-depth crash data resources to support European Union vehicle and road safety policy. Three main work activity areas (Work-packages) commenced to provide these resources. This paper describes some of the outcomes of Work Package 2 (WP2 In-depth Crash Investigations and Data Analysis). In WP2, some 1,100 investigations of crashes involving injured car occupants were conducted in eight EU countries to a common protocol based on that developed in the STAIRS programme. This paper describes the purposes, methodology and results of WP2. It is expected that the results will be used as a co-ordinated system to inform European vehicle safety policy in a systematic, integrated manner. Furthermore, the results of the data analyses will be exploited further to provide new directions to develop injury countermeasures and regulations.