PISa – powered two wheeler integrated safety: development, implementation and testing of PTW integrated safety systems

The Powered two wheeler Integrated Safety (PISa) project, funded by the European Commission within the 6th Framework, aimed at identifying, developing and testing new technologies to provide integrated safety systems (ISS) for a range of powered two wheelers (PTWs) to improve primary safety and link to secondary safety systems. From the analysis of representative crashes involving motorcycles and mopeds, a list of safety systems was prioritised in terms of their contribution to crash avoidance or injury severity reduction. These systems were integrated onto two different types of PTW: a large scooter and a light motorcycle. Experimental tests with the demonstration vehicles showed the potential benefits of the PISa systems compared to unequipped PTWs. Further system development is required before testing the demonstration vehicles with non-professional riders.