Polynomial matrix QR decomposition and iterative decoding of frequency selective MIMO channels

For a frequency flat multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system the QR decomposition can be applied to reduce the MIMO channel equalization problem to a set of decision feedback based single channel problems. Using a novel technique for polynomial matrix QR decomposition (PMQRD) based on Givens rotations, we show the PMQRD can do likewise for a frequency selective MIMO system. Two types of transmitter design, based on Horizontal and Vertical Bell Laboratories Layered Space Time (H-BLAST, V-BLAST) encoding have been implemented. Receiver processing utilizes Turbo equalization to exploit multipath delay spread and to facilitate multi-stream data feedback. Average bit error rate simulations show a considerable improvement over a benchmark orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technique. The proposed scheme thereby has potential applicability in MIMO communication applications, particularly for a TDMA system with frequency selective channels.