Prevalence of eating disorders amongst dancers: a systemic review and meta-analysis
journal contributionposted on 09.10.2015 by Jon Arcelus, Gemma Witcomb, Alex Mitchell
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Eating disorders in dancers are thought to be common, but the exact rates remain to be clariﬁed. The aim of this study is to systematically compile and analyse the rates of eating disorde rs in dancers. A literature search, appraisal and meta-analysis were conducted. Thi rty-three relevant studies were published between 1966 and 2013 with sufﬁcient data for extraction. Primary data were extracted as raw numbers or conﬁdence intervals. Risk ratios and 95% conﬁdence intervals were calculated for controlled studies. The overall prevalence of eating disorders was 12.0% (16.4% for ballet dancers), 2.0% (4% for bal let dancers) for anorexia, 4.4% (2% for ballet dancers) for bulimia and 9.5% (14.9% for ballet dancers) for eating disorders not otherwise speciﬁed (EDNOS). The dancer group had higher mean scores on the EAT-26 and the Eating Disorder Inventory subscales. Dancers, in general, had a higher risk of suffering from eating disorders in general, anorexia nervosa and EDNOS, but no higher risk of suffering from bulimia nervosa. The study concluded that as dancers had a three times higher risk of suffering from eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa and EDNOS, speciﬁcally designed services for this population should be considered
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences