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Purpose and enactment in job design: an empirical examination of the processes through which job characteristics have their effects

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posted on 17.12.2018 by Kevin Daniels, Jane Glover, Rachel Nayani, Nadine Mellor, Fehmidah Munir
Job characteristics are linked with health, safety, well-being and other performance outcomes. Job characteristics are usually assessed by their presence or absence, which gives no indication of the specific purposes for which workers might use some job characteristics. We focused on job control and social support as two job characteristics embedded in the well-known Demand–Control–Support model. In Study 1, using an experience sampling methodology (N = 67) and a cross-sectional survey methodology (N = 299), we found that relationships between the execution of job control or the elicitation of social support and a range of other variables depended on the purposes for which job control was executed or social support elicited. In Study 2 (N = 28), we found that it may be feasible to improve aspects of well-being and performance through training workers on how to use job control or social support for specific purposes.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Policy and Practice in Health and Safety

Volume

16

Issue

1

Pages

20 - 42

Citation

DANIELS, K. ... et al, 2018. Purpose and enactment in job design: an empirical examination of the processes through which job characteristics have their effects. Policy and Practice in Health and Safety, 16 (1), pp.20-42.

Publisher

Taylor and Francis © Institution of Occupational Safety and Health

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date

05/09/2017

Publication date

2018

Notes

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Policy and Practice in Health and Safety on 27 September 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/14773996.2017.1376833.

ISSN

1477-3996

eISSN

1477-4003

Language

en

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