Reduction to modified KdV and its KP-like generalization via phase modulation

2018-11-12T11:57:51Z (GMT) by Daniel Ratliff Thomas J. Bridges
The main observation of this paper is that the modified Korteweg–de Vries equation has its natural origin in phase modulation of a basic state such as a periodic travelling wave, or more generally, a family of relative equilibria. Extension to 2  +  1 suggests that a modified Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (or a Konopelchenko–Dubrovsky) equation should emerge, but our result shows that there is an additional term which has gone heretofore unnoticed. Thus, through the novel application of phase modulation a new equation appears as the 2  +  1 extension to a previously known one. To demonstrate the theory it is applied to the cubic-quintic nonlinear Schrödinger (CQNLS) equation, showing that there are relevant parameter values where a modified KP equation bifurcates from periodic travelling wave solutions of the 2  +  1 CQNLS equation.