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Scaling-up sanitation and hygiene promotion through grant-making

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conference contribution
posted on 12.02.2018 by Vincent M. Ouma, Muhuri Jackson
Kenya losses USD 324 million per year due to poor sanitation (World Bank, 2012), and 19,500 Kenyans, including 17,100 children under 5 die each year due to diarrhoea. This paper aims to demonstrate how the Kenya Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Programme (K-SHIP) is scaling up Sanitation & Hygiene promotion through grant-making while contributing to the country’s target of being Open Defecation Free (ODF) by the year 2020. KSHIP is funded by Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) through Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) and implemented by Amref Health Africa in Kenya. In 2016, K-SHIP competitively contracted 17 sub-grantees(SGs) who implemented sanitation and hygiene activities in 11 counties reaching over 235,663 people with S&H services. The capacity of the SGs was built and the model can be used as an advocacy tool for resource mobilization. 149 villages have been certified ODF which is associated with reduced sanitation related morbidity.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

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WEDC Conference


OUMA, V.M. and JACKSON, M., 2017. Scaling-up sanitation and hygiene promotion through grant-making. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Local action with international cooperation to improve and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services: Proceedings of the 40th WEDC International Conference, Loughborough, UK, 24-28 July 2017, Paper 2752, 6pp.


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