Some aspects of human performance in a Human Adaptive Mechatronics (HAM) system

2011-06-29T08:36:40Z (GMT) by Tussanai Parthornratt
An interest in developing the intelligent machine system that works in conjunction with human has been growing rapidly in recent years. A number of studies were conducted to shed light on how to design an interactive, adaptive and assistive machine system to serve a wide range of purposes including commonly seen ones like training, manufacturing and rehabilitation. In the year 2003, Human Adaptive Mechatronics (HAM) was proposed to resolve these issues. According to past research, the focus is predominantly on evaluation of human skill rather than human performance and that is the reason why intensive training and selection of suitable human subjects for those experiments were required. As a result, the pattern and state of control motion are of critical concern for these works. In this research, a focus on human skill is shifted to human performance instead due to its proneness to negligence and lack of reflection on actual work quality. Human performance or Human Performance Index (HPI) is defined to consist of speed and accuracy characteristics according to a well-renowned speed-accuracy trade-off or Fitts’ Law. Speed and accuracy characteristics are collectively referred to as speed and accuracy criteria with corresponding contributors referred to as speed and accuracy variables respectively. This research aims at proving a validity of the HPI concept for the systems with different architecture or the one with and without hardware elements. A direct use of system output logged from the operating field is considered the main method of HPI computation, which is referred to as a non-model approach in this thesis. To ensure the validity of these results, they are compared against a model-based approach based on System Identification theory. Its name is due to being involved with a derivation of mathematical equation for human operator and extraction of performance variables. Certain steps are required to match the processing outlined in that of non-model approach. Some human operators with complicated output patterns are inaccurately derived and explained by the ARX models.