Spin Seebeck effect in polycrystalline yttrium iron garnet pellets prepared by the solid-state method [Letter]

We study the properties of polycrystalline bulk yttrium iron garnet (YIG) pellets prepared by the solid-state method, where the choice of the sintering temperature can lead to mixed phases of yttrium iron perovskite (YIP) and YIG or single phase YIG. Magnetometry shows multiple switching regimes in the mixed-phase pellets where the saturation magnetization is dominated by the proportion of YIG present. Ferromagnetic resonance was used to corroborate the saturation magnetization from magnetometry and to extract the spin wave damping α. The lowest damping was observed for the YIG pellet, which resulted in a spin Seebeck effect (SSE) coefficient that was approximately 55% of single crystal YIG. This demonstrates that macroscale crystallization does not play a major role in the SSE and paves the way for utilising polycrystalline samples for thermomagnetic applications.